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Types of Thyroid Cancer

What is Thyroid Cancer?

Thyroid cancer is a disease in which the cell of cancer is found in thyroid glands. The thyroid gland is in the lower part of the throat. This is cancer is a rare type of cancer. People in their 30s and those over the age of 60 may be infected by this disease. Women are 2 to 3 times more likely to develop it than men.

Types of Thyroid Cancer:

Generally, there are mainly four main types of thyroid cancer which are based on how the cancer cells look under a microscope. They are:

  • Papillary
  • Follicular¬†
  • Medullary
  • Anaplastic

Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer:

If you have the symptoms which are given below please talk to your doctor right away. The symptoms are:

  • Pain in the front of the neck and sometimes it travels upward to the ears.
  • A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly.
  • Swelling in the neck.
  • Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away.
  • A constant cough that does not contain due to cold
  • Trouble swallowing.
  • Trouble breathing.

Many of these symptoms can also be caused by a non-cancerous condition or even other cancer of the neck area. 

Remedy of Thyroid Cancer:

Different tests and procedures are used to diagnose thyroid cancer. Which is as follows:

  • Physical exam
  • Blood tests
  • Ultrasound imaging¬†
  • Removing a sample of thyroid tissue
  • Other imaging tests
  • Genetic testing

Most thyroid cancer can be cured by treatment. Very small thyroid cancer that has a low risk of spreading in the body might not need treatment right away. If the risk risks of thyroid cancer grow then treatment should be initiated. Those are:

  • Surgery
  • Removing a portion of the thyroid (thyroid lobectomy)
  • Removing all or most of the thyroid (thyroidectomy)
  • Removing lymph nodes in the neck (lymph node dissection)
  • Thyroid hormone therapy
  • Radioactive iodine
  • External radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted drug therapy
  • Injecting alcohol into cancer
  • Supportive care

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